The Dance at Earthbone Forest

The Dance at Earthbone Forest

The History of Herbal Medicine and Essential Oils
The history of essential oils is intertwined with the history of herbal medicine, which in turn has been an integral part of magical practices. Herbal medicine has been used for more than treating minor ailments and disease; it has been instrumental in providing life-enhancing benefits. In most ancient cultures, people believed plants to be magical, and for thousands of years, herbs were used as much for ritual as they were for medicine and food. According to medical herbalist and healer Andrew Chevallier, the presence of herbs in burial tombs attests to their powers beyond medicine. In addition, fourth-century BCE Greek philosopher Aristotle noted his belief that plants had psyches.
Aromatic plants in the form of oil and incense were elements of religious and therapeutic practices in early cultures worldwide. In addition, anointment with perfumes and fragrant oils was an almost universal practice. Burning incense in rituals provided a connection between the physical and spiritual—between the mundane and the divine. The word perfume comes from the Latin per, meaning “through,” and fume, meaning “smoke.” It was a common belief that contact with the divine could be achieved through the smoke of incense.
The ancient Egyptians believed that deities were embodied in the smoke and fragrance of temple incense. In addition, aromatics were used to deepen meditation and purify the spirit as well as to add subtlety to their sophisticated system of magic. Dating to approximately 1500 BCE, the Ebers papyrus is the oldest written record of Egyptian use of medicinal plants. Along with the physical details of plants, the manuscript contains related spells and incantations. It also mentions fine oils for perfumery and incense. Made from healing herbs, many of the perfumed oils doubled as medicines. Likewise, Egyptian priests often doubled as physicians and perfumers. Those who specialized in embalming the dead also used their expertise for the living by creating mixtures to beautify skin and protect it from the harsh, damaging desert climate.
Always a valuable commodity, frankincense was considered the perfume of the gods and was used in temple rites as well as a base for perfumes. Because perfumed oils were highly prized, the use of them remained in the province of royalty and the upper classes. These oils were often kept in exquisite bottles made of alabaster, jade, and other precious materials that were functional as well as beautiful. Some of these flasks retained scent until they were opened by archaeologists thousands of years after being sealed.
When the Hebrews left Egypt around 1240 BCE, they took the knowledge and practice of perfumery with them to Israel. Their temples contained two types of altars, one for burnt offerings and the other for incense. The Babylonians also employed the use of aromatic plants and became a major supplier of plant materials to other countries. Both the Babylonians and Sumerians prized cedarwood, cypress, myrtle, and pine for their deities. The Assyrians were fond of aromatics for religious rituals as well as personal use, and the Mesopotamians used ceremonies and special incantations when gathering herbs. In the thirteenth century BCE, the Mycenaeans used scented oils to honor deities as well as for grave goods. Throughout the ancient world, information flowed from one culture to another, and by the second century BCE there was a thriving trade in herbs, spices, and oils among Europe, the Middle East, India, and Asia.
Some of the earliest writings from India, known as the Vedas (circa 1500 BCE), contain praises to the natural world along with information about aromatics including cinnamon, coriander, ginger, myrrh, sandalwood, and spikenard. Working with herbs was, and still is to a certain degree, considered a sacred task in India. This eventually evolved into Ayurvedic medicine, which is believed to be the oldest system of healing. Its name comes from the sacred Sanskrit language, with ayur meaning “life” and veda, “knowledge.” Written by the physician Charaka in 700 BCE, the Charaka Samhita details approximately 350 plants and is still widely consulted today. In addition to healing, oils play an important role in the religious rites of India. Anointing with perfumed oils is used to purge worshippers of spiritual impurities. In preparation for the funeral pyre, bodies are cleansed with sandalwood and turmeric. Although the tenth-century Middle Eastern physician Avicenna (980–1037) is often credited with discovering the distillation process, archaeological evidence from the Indus Valley in northern India indicates that distilling aromatic plants into oils was achieved there around 3000 BCE.
Herbs are also integral to traditional Chinese medicine, which dates to approximately 200 BCE in a text called the Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine. This system of healing is separate from Chinese folk medicine, which included the use of aromatics in religious rituals. Herbs were also important for maintaining beauty and hygiene. Chinese herbalists influenced the practices of Japan and Korea, as fifth-century Buddhist monks transported spiritual and medicinal information with them on their travels. There was also movement westward as Phoenician merchants traded scented oils around the Mediterranean region, bringing aromatic treasures from the East to Europe—most notably to the Greeks and Romans.
Greek historian Herodotus (circa 484–425 BCE) and Pythagorean philosopher Democrates (born circa 460 BCE) visited Egypt and then distributed the wisdom of perfumery they found there to a wider world. As the popularity of perfumes increased among the Greeks, the medicinal properties of herbs and oils became common knowledge. Unlike Egyptians, Greeks at all levels of society used perfumed oils. The Greeks used aromatics to honor deities at feasts and used perfumed oils on themselves to please the gods because they believed that anything extracted from plants held spiritual qualities. Greek physician and botanist Pedanius Dioscorides (circa 40–90 CE) compiled the first herbal manuscript in Europe, De Materia Medica, which served as a major reference well into the seventeenth century. The ancient Romans carried on the Greek use of botanicals for medicinal and perfumery purposes. In addition, they scented their entire surroundings, from their bodies, clothes, and homes to public baths and fountains.
Elsewhere in the world, the aboriginal people of Australia closely integrated their culture with their medicine and developed a sophisticated understanding of native plants. Their eucalyptus and tea-tree remedies are now used worldwide. In South and Central America the ancient Maya, Inca, and Aztec had herbal traditions that were intertwined with religious rites. Some of the practices from the Aztec, Mayan, and Spanish cultures evolved into modern Mexican herbal medicine. North of the Rio Grande, plants were also employed for both healing and ritual by Native American peoples. European settlers in the New World adapted some of these herbal practices into theirs, and African slaves brought their herbal and religious traditions, adding to the melange. The influence of the Yoruba from West Africa created a rich Afro-Caribbean culture and herbal medicine that still maintains a separate identity.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the use of perfumery waned as Europe was plunged backwards into the Dark Ages. To escape the upheaval, many physicians and other learned people relocated to Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey, today), and along with them went a storehouse of knowledge. As European civilization foundered, the works of Hippocrates, Dioscorides, and others were translated and widely distributed in the Middle East. Experimentation with plants continued and the tenth-century physician Avicenna extracted plant essence, producing otto (or attar), the oil of flowers—in this case, roses. As European culture slowly recovered, the practice of perfumery was spread by the Moors from the Middle East into Spain, where it became popular. After the Crusades, the perfumes of Arabia were in great demand throughout the Continent, and by the thirteenth century, a booming trade between the Middle East and Europe had been established once again.
By the mid-sixteenth century, perfumery had made a strong comeback in Europe. In France fragrance was used as in ancient Rome: on the person, in the home, and in public fountains. Experimenting with local plants, Europeans began distilling lavender, rosemary, and sage oils. While essential-oil blends were popular for masking body odor, they were also used medicinally. Juniper, Laurel, and pine were widely used for combating illness, including the plague. In England, physician and master herbalist Nicholas Culpeper (1616–1654) published his great herbal treatise The English Physitian. An edition of this book was the first herbal published in the American colonies in 1700.
For a time the use of herbs and perfumery were stifled with a double whammy: universities and the emerging medical establishment fought to take herbs out of the hands of the so-called uneducated, and the Christian church steered people away from personal adornment in their bid to hold power over people’s lives. As a result, the use of aromatics, even possessing oils and unguents, became a way to identify Witches, and culture again took a backward step. Under Great Britain’s King George III, who ruled from 1760 to 1820, a woman’s use of scents or potions was equated with seduction and betrayal, and was met with “the same penalties in force against Witchcraft.”
Eventually, herbal practices and perfumery made a comeback as attitudes shifted, but by the mid-nineteenth century, essential oils were being replaced by chemicals in medicine. By the twentieth century, perfumes and cosmetics contained mostly synthetic fragrance, which was cheaper and easier to produce. Ironically, a French chemist, Rene-Maurice Gattefosse, was responsible for resurrecting the use of essential oils during the 1920s. After burning his hand in his laboratory, he grabbed the nearest bottle of liquid, which turned out to be lavender oil. Intrigued by the rapid healing effect of the oil, he devoted the remainder of his career to studying essential oils and named his discovery aromatherapy.

Goddess Bless!
GrannyMoon
★☽✪☾★
http://GoddessSchool.com

https://grannymoon..wordpress.com/

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Smashwords Smart Author Podcast #7: 2017 Survey Is Out and More

Smashwords Smart Author Podcast # 7
2017 Survey Is Out
November, 17 2017

Good evening CAMPBELLSWORLD VISITORS!
And
READERS EVERYWHERE!
Here is yet again, more awesome information from the fine folks at the Smashwords Team.

If you are, a Indie Author, or are considering becoming one, I recommend this podcast series highly.

So, without further explanation I give you, the Smashwords Team!

Inside:
1. Episode 7 of Smart Author, 2017 Smashwords Survey, is out now!
2. Reminder to erotic writers: please certify your works if you haven’t already
3. Helpful Resources

SMART AUTHOR PODCAST PRESENTS THE 2017 SMASHWORDS SURVEY
Today in Episode 7 of the Smart Author Podcast, Mark presents the 2017 Smashwords Survey.
Each year Mark compiles the Smashwords Survey to reveal numerous direct and indirect factors that impact a book’s visibility, desirability, and enjoyability to readers.
These factors are easily controlled by the author. As an indie author, you have the opportunity to tweak and tune these factors to improve your book’s performance.
What are some of these factors?
• Book length? Do readers prefer shorter books or longer books? In this episode, Mark analyzes the word counts of our bestsellers and compares them against the poor sellers.
• What about pricing? What are the pricing sweet spots if you want to maximize readership, or if you want to maximize earnings, or if you want to maximize both? We’ve got that data.
• What about pre-orders? Do books that originate as pre-orders sell more copies than books that do not? If you’ve listened to the prior episodes, you already know the answer to this question — though in this episode, Mark shares even more information on the impact of pre-orders.
• How about the length of your title? Do books with longer titles sell better, or worse?
• What about series? Do books in a series earn more than standalone works?
• What about free? Does free still work, and if so, how can you put it use?
Mark shares answers to these questions and many more in Episode 7 of the Smart Author Podcast.
If you haven’t done so already, please be sure to subscribe at one of the links below.
Coming up next week for Friday, November 24, in Episode 8 Mark presents The Art of Delusion. All writers, even bestsellers, face dark days when it can be difficult to find the strength to power on. Mark will share 20 tips to help you persevere and succeed.
Where to Listen and Subscribe:
• Apple Podcasts – https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/smart-author/id1298180300?mt=2
• Stitcher – https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/mark-coker/smart-author
• SoundCloud – https://soundcloud.com/user-845581352
• TuneIn – https://tunein.com/radio/Smart-Author-p1043483/
• iHeartRadio – https://www.iheart.com/podcast/263-Smart-Author-28595395/
• Google Play Music – https://play.google.com/music/listen#/ps/Inyyeidlihl2vizh4cegieizsvu
• Smashwords (Listen over your web browser) – https://smashwords.com/podcast
Supplemental resources:
You’ll find edited transcripts of each episode at our Smart Author hub page at Smashwords. Just click on the “Show notes” link to access the transcript and supplemental resources.
Join us at Facebook at the official Smart Author Facebook Page where you can discuss each episode with fellow listeners, or pose questions following each episode.
If you enjoy the episodes, please share with friend!
Enjoy!
2. REMINDER TO EROTIC AUTHORS: PLEASE CERTIFY YOUR WORKS
A few months back, Smashwords introduced new certification process for erotica and erotic romance. By providing us enhanced classification information for your erotic titles, you’ll remain in good standing with retailers that have specific requirements for which taboo subjects they’ll accept, and which they won’t.
If you’ve already certified your works, we and our retailers thank you!
Authors who fail to certify works requiring this certification will likely see their titles disappear from some retailer shelves some time after January 1.
If you haven’t yet certified your erotic works, please visit your Dashboard today! If you have multiple erotic books requiring certification, you can use our handy bulk certification tool that allow you to certify up to 50 books per screen.
For more information on our new certification process, please see the original blog post at http://blog.smashwords.com/2017/09/smashwords-erotica.html
3. HELPFUL RESOURCES
• How to publish and distribute ebooks with Smashwords
• Frequently asked questions
• Smashwords Site Updates
• Smashwords blog (subscribe today via the email option!)
• How to Publish ebooks (4-part presentation)
• Smart Author Podcast
• Smashwords Video Workshops
• Create or update your Smashwords Interview (self-interviews)
• Smashwords Series Manager (Manage series metadata)
• Smashwords Coupon Manager (Create custom coupon codes)
• Connect with fellow Smashwords readers and authors at Facebook
• Mark’s List – Low cost cover designers and ebook formatters
Thanks for choosing Smashwords for your ebook publishing and distribution.
If you’re enjoying the Smart Author Podcast, please help us spread the word by sharing links with your friends!
For those of you who celebrate Thanksgiving next week, Happy Thanksgiving!
The Smashwords Team

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Guest author: Jane Ridson – The long and eventful birth of Only One Woman.

via Guest author: Jane Ridson – The long and eventful birth of Only One Woman.

This is a most incredible writing writer story. Amazing!

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Panhala: Praise What Comes

Praise What Comes

surprising as unplanned kisses, all you haven’t deserved
of days and solitude, your body’s immoderate good health
that lets you work in many kinds of weather. Praise

talk with just about anyone. And quiet intervals, books
that are your food and your hunger; nightfall and walks
before sleep. Praising these for practice, perhaps

you will come at last to praise grief and the wrongs
you never intended. At the end there may be no answers
and only a few very simple questions: did I love,

finish my task in the world? Learn at least one
of the many names of God? At the intersections,
the boundaries where one life began and another

ended, the jumping-off places between fear and
possibility, at the ragged edges of pain,
did I catch the smallest glimpse of the holy?

~ Jeanne Lohmann ~

(The Light of Invisible Bodies)

To subscribe to Panhala, send a blank email to Panhala-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

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GDUI Announce!

Dear GDUI Members and Friends,
The GDUI Board will Meet this coming Saturday, November 18, beginning at 1:00 PM Eastern Standard Time (That’s 10:00 AM on the West Coast).
All GDUI members and friends are welcomed to attend. Call 712.432.0075. Then use this Participant Access Code: 919245-Pound. We are looking forward to our meeting and to your participation!

Lots of Improvements on the GDUI Web Site! Thanks to a great deal of productive hard work by our web master, Steve Zelaya, and members of our Public Relations/Web Site Committee, Will Burley, Dixie Sanderson, Maria Kristic, Minh Ha, and Brianna Murray, you will notice a number of improvements on our GDUI web site, https://www.GuideDogUsersInc.org/, and on our Facebook presence as well.

We have streamlined our home page to make it easier to find perpetually relevant information about our organization, along with information on some of our services, such as our DAPP program, Chat list, and past convention recordings. As a result, this and all future GDUI announcements will be accessible, not only via e-mail for GDUI-Announce list subscribers, but from the Blog link, https://guidedogusersinc.org/blog/, which can be found off of the home page as well.

Speaking of our blog, be sure to visit often, as it contains more than just our GDUI Announcements. Recent non-announcement posts include an article from our member, Jane Sheehan, on the Aira service and an article from me on making the decision to retire a guide dog.
You can visit our blog directly at
https://guidedogusersinc.org/blog/.

We are happy to report that our entire Web site is now secured by an SSL certificate. Regardless of the link format through which you access a page on our site, you will be redirected to the secure version of that page. You can verify this by checking your Web browser’s Address bar; the link will begin with “https” (without the quotes).

As of November 13, 2017, we have 341 likes on our Facebook page and
254 followers of our Twitter handle. In addition to the blog posts referenced above, we have recently shared links to tips on keeping your dog safe while working and articles discussing possible solutions to the problem of fake service dogs in public places. Our Facebook page can be accessed at https://www.facebook.com/GDUInc . Our Twitter timeline can be accessed at https://twitter.com/gduinc

Thanks to Nolan Crabb, former PawTracks editor and current producer of our excellent monthly stream and podcast on ACB Radio, The GDUI Juno Report continues to bring you great programming through online streaming of new content, beginning on the first Friday of each month at 8:00 PM, EST, and continuing through podcasts in subsequent months.
The topic for November is Travel with your Guide Dog. If you missed Wendy David’s excellent presentation on this topic at our summer convention, the November GDUI Juno Report offers a new opportunity to hear from Wendy and learn from her experiences as a blind woman who has traveled all over the world with all of her guide dogs! And, December’s topic will be California’s elimination of its Guide Dog Board. Margie Donovan will be discussing the reasons why California guide dog users worked so hard to eliminate the board and the process they followed to convince California’s government that the time had come for the board to go! Don’t miss the GDUI Juno Report on ACB Radio’s Mainstream. New shows and podcasts are available here:
http://acbradio.org/gdr.xml. We share many thanks with Nolan for continuing to produce such wonderful radio programming for guide dog users and our friends and supporters, and with ACB Radio for supporting our work and outreach via streaming and podcasting of our GDUI Juno Report!

Does it seem to you that more and more often, you are encountering people who bring their pets along with them to restaurants, on buses, and, really, all over the place while claiming that their untrained and often ill-behaved dogs are service animals? It seems that way to us, too! Nineteen states have passed laws that attempt to address this illegality. You can find a list of all of these state assistance dogs laws here: https://www.animallaw.info/topic/table-state-assistance-animal-laws.
If yours is one of the states who have passed laws attempting to discourage pet owners from passing their pets along as service animals, we are interested in hearing from you. How well is the law in your state working to curtail this activity? Have you seen public service announcements or other advertising concerning the law and any associated penalties for violating it? Do you believe that the law is being enforced, or that business owners understand how to take advantage of the legislation to deny entry to people whose pets are not providing any disability-related services to them? Please share your experiences with Charlie Crawford, Chair of our Advocacy and Legislation Committee here: mailto:advocacy@guidedogusersinc.org, or call Sarah at our toll-free number, 866.799.8436, and she will be glad to share your information with the committee. Thank you.

On the topic of laws that protect our civil rights as people who use guide dogs, we want to congratulate the National Association of Guide Dog Users on their recent update for their NAGDU Guide & Service Animal Advocacy & Information mobile app for iOS and ANDROID. The updated app reflects research and updates for every state service-animal-related statute, as well as relevant laws for each of the Canadian provinces, all of the relevant U. S. Department of Justice regulations, and guidance regarding rights and responsibilities for industries. Version 2.1 of the NAGDU app can be downloaded, free of charge, from both the US and Canadian app stores.

Roundabouts: Did you miss the very informative September presentation regarding roundabouts and the potentially negative impacts these traffic constructs can have on our abilities to travel safely and independently, or would you like to revisit the panel discussions?
Here’s a phone number you can call to access the recording of that
presentation: 605.475.4120, PIN 4364602.

Are you getting ready to visit family or friends for Thanksgiving? If your plans include air travel, you may want to visit the U. S.
Department of Transportations redesigned Aviation Consumer web site, https://www.transportation.gov/airconsumer. The Department’s goal is to assist consumers to better understand their rights before, during, and after air travel. Issues addressed on the re-designed page
include: Bumping, Tarmac Delays, Flight Delays and Cancellations, Flying with a Disability, and Passengers’ Rights to Fly Free from Discrimination.

No matter whether your holiday plans include travel or cooking or simply enjoying the opportunity to reflect on gratitude and eat massive amounts of delicious food, we wish all of you a happy Thanksgiving! Remember pumpkins are versatile and delicious – no matter whether baked into pies or muffins – or – stirred into big bowls of kibble! (Just ask your guide dog!)

Thank you all for your friendship and support.
Sincerely,
Penny Reeder, President
Guide Dog Users, Inc.
mailto:President@GuideDogUsersInc.org

Deanna Noriega, First Vice President
Guide Dog Users, Inc.
mailto:vp1@GuideDogUsersInc.org

https://www.guidedogusersinc.org/

Call us, toll-free, at 866.799.8436
Like, visit us, and join our Facebook Group : https://www.facebook.com/GDUInc Follow us at Twitter: @GDUInc

Enjoy the GDUI Juno Report on ACB Radio Mainstream, at8:00 p.m., EST, every Friday of every month, here: http://www.acbradio.org/mainstream.

Download or subscribe to the GDUI Juno Report pod cast here:
http://acbradio.org/gdr.xml

Or search for the GDUI Juno Report on ITunes or ACBLink. .

Support GDUI when you use this link to shop at Amazon.com:
http://smile.amazon.com/ch/52-1871119.

SUPPORT GUIDE DOG USERS, INC GROUP #999969764 when you purchase candles and other decorative items from the Yankee Candle Store here:
https://www.yankeecandlefundraising.com/store.htm.

To join the GDUI-Announce List, visit this link:
http://www.acblists.org/mailman/listinfo/gdui-announce
To subscribe to the GDUI Chat list, visit this link:
gduichatlist-subscribe@guidedogusersinc.org
To subscribe to the (members only) GDUI Business list, visit this link:
businesslist-subscribe@guidedogusersinc.org

A recording of each GDUI announcement is available here: 712.432.1281.
Enter the Access Code 488062 followed by the number sign. When prompted, enter the Reference Code, No. 1. The recording will remain available until it is replaced by a recording of the next GDUI Announcement. Please share this information with friends who may not have access to the internet. Thank you. We look forward to sharing information with all of our GDUI members and friends.

How to File a Consumer Complaint
_______________________________________________
GDUI-Announce mailing list
http://www.acblists.org/mailman/listinfo/gdui-announce

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Business Media Kit: Tell-It-To-The-World

Good morning again CAMPBELLSWORLD VISITORS
And
READERS EVERYWHERE!

A while back, at the request of several, I posted my Bubba Tails media kit.

Several persons I was helping to promote, wanted to know about media kits for promoting their books.
I posted it here, on the blog, on my email list, and in several of my social media groups, mine and others, as well as on my FB pages.

Links, to all of these things, can be seen below.

Shortly after the post went up, several folks asked about a Business media kit.

They had questions like…

• What should be on a media kit?
• What if I do not have very many social media outlets?
• What other things can be used?

The below, is what my Business media kit looks like.

Thanks for reading, and feedback is welcome.

Business Media Kit
November, 2017

Would you like to get the word out about your, book, blog, or business?
Are you running on such a tight schedule that you haven’t got time to attend Social Media events like you’d like?
Would you like to have all your ads advertised, At least four-days-per-week?
If you answered yes, keep reading.
My name is Patty L. Fletcher. I’m the published author of two books, Campbell’s Rambles: How a Seeing Eye Dog Retrieved My Life, and Bubba Tails From the Puppy Nursery At The Seeing Eye, the creator of an online magazine called The Neighborhood News, and blogger at large, and I’d like to tell the world, about you.
I can provide…
 Featured blog posts
 Social Media advertising such as…
 Facebook
 Twitter
 Google+
 LinkedIn
 E-mail-out…
Prices are…
 One-Month $30
 Three-months $50
 Six-months $70
 One-year $100
My assistant Claire Plaisted of Plaisted Publishing House,
http://plaistedpublishinghouse.com/ .
and I can make it happen.
Claire is the blog Wizz of the century, and she helps me keep my blog going strong, and all ads looking top-notch!
So, if you’re ready to get started letting the world know just how absolutely magnificent you are, here’s what you do.
Send an email with your, name, Email, and what you want done for you to:
patty.volunteer1@gmail.com and let me get you on the fast-track to success

To join my email list…
Freedom To Be Me Visit
https://groups.io/g/FreedomToBeMe
 Or, send a blank Email to: FreedomToBeMe+subscribe@groups.io

Links…

https://www.amazon.com/Patty-L.-Fletcher
https://www.facebook.com/Bubba-Tails-196761360863975/
https://www.facebook.com/tellittotheworld/

https://www.facebook.com/0404Campbell/
Campbells Rambles
https://www.facebook.com/groups/787037261329458/
(Campbells
Corner the Comfort Zone.
https://www.facebook.com/groups/128710790840540/
Patty & Pals
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1092566100770913/
Bob Cat
And Friends

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Perspective

via Perspective

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